- A new CDC report looks at an outbreak of the Delta variant in a Texas prison in the summer of 2021, with 172 inmates tested positive for COVID-19. was infected with
- Of the infected prisoners, 75% were fully vaccinated, while the rest were partially vaccinated or unvaccinated
- Attack rates were higher among non-vaccinated prisoners who fell ill with 129 out of 185 vaccinated prisoners, compared to 39 out of 42 unvaccinated prisoners.
- Four patients – three of whom were not vaccinated – required hospitalization and one unvaccinated patient died
Most inmates infected with an outbreak of the COVID-19 delta variant at a Texas prison were fully vaccinated, but hospitalizations and deaths were high, a new report found.
Of the 172 prisoners who contracted the virus, 75 percent have received one of three approved shots from Pfizer-BioNtech, Moderna or Johnson & Johnson in the US.
However, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), inmates who had not received their vaccinations were up to three times as likely to be hospitalized or die from COVID.
The authors say the findings show how much more transmissible the delta variant is, but that the vaccines still protect recipients from the most severe consequences of the virus.
A new CDC report looks at a Delta variant outbreak in a Texas prison in the summer of 2021, seeing 172 inmates infected with COVID-19, 75% of whom were fully vaccinated. Pictured: Inmates at the Bolivar County Correctional Facility in Cleveland, Mississippi, receive COVID-19 vaccines in April 2021
Four patients – three of whom were not vaccinated – required hospitalization and one unvaccinated patient died. Image: Most inmates developed symptoms of Covid six days and 14 days before testing positive
The COVID-19 pandemic has been particularly challenging for prisons and inmates inside prisons.
Many correctional facilities are overcrowded or have common areas where social distancing cannot be practiced.
Bathrooms often have insufficient amounts of soap for prisoners to wash their hands and lack access to cleaning supplies such as hand sanitizers and wipes.
As states ramped up testing as the pandemic dragged on, it became more apparent just how widespread the problem was.
NS new reportPublished Friday from the CDC, shows how quickly the virus – and especially the highly permeable Delta variant – can spread in prison, but also how vaccines protect people from the most severe effects of the disease.
According to the report, the outbreak occurred in the summer of 2021 in two housing units at a federal prison in Texas.
The first cases were detected on 12 July when 18 inmates, 11 of whom were fully vaccinated, tested positive for the virus through rapid antigen tests.
The prisoners lived in two interconnected units, with 233 males living in two to 10-person cells.
All 233 prisoners were tested between July 12, 2021 and August 14, 2021, of whom 172 were eventually confirmed to have the virus.
Genome sequencing from 58 samples showed that the outbreak was caused by a delta variant.
Of the infected prisoners, 129 – or 75 percent – were fully vaccinated. The remaining 43 cases were partially vaccinated or unvaccinated.
Overall, of the fully vaccinated inmates who caught the virus, 66 percent had received the Pfizer vaccine, 27 percent had received the Moderna shot and 10 percent had received the J&J jab.
Fifty percent of vaccinated prisoners who fell ill were vaccinated four to six months before the outbreak, suggesting efficacy.
However, attack rates were higher among unvaccinated prisoners, with 129 of 185 vaccinated prisoners falling ill, compared to 39 of 42 unvaccinated prisoners.
This suggests a 70 percent attack rate for those who do not and a 93 percent attack rate for those who did not get their shots.
Four of the infected prisoners were hospitalized, including three unvaccinated patients and one fully vaccinated patient, representing a hospitalization rate three times higher than for unvaccinated people. .
Furthermore, only one patient, who had not been vaccinated, required mechanical intubation and died.
“This study demonstrates the potential for outbreaks of the SARS-CoV-2 delta variant, including correctional and detention facilities, even among resident populations with high vaccination coverage,” the authors wrote.
‘In this outbreak… there were fewer hospitalizations and deaths than in unvaccinated individuals, citing vaccination as an important strategy to reduce severe COVID-19-related illness and death in a mass setting. I was exposed.’