Salmonella outbreak detected in half of US states

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CDC says majority of those infected are women, ‘true number of people sick … likely to be much higher’

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The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) warned Friday that outbreaks of salmonella caused by an “unknown food source” have been detected in 25 states across the US.

The agency said that on September 2, it identified an outbreak of 20 Salmonella oranienburg infections and, since then, “the outbreak has increased rapidly.”

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As of last Wednesday, 127 people infected The outbreak began with strains and reported illnesses in dates from August 3, 2021 to September 1, 2021.

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People below 82 years of age have been infected by it.

33 years is the average age, and 59% are female.

Of the 49 people with available information, the CDC wrote that 18 were hospitalized and none had died.

“The true number of sick people in an outbreak is likely to be much higher than the number reported, and outbreaks may not be limited to states with known diseases. This is because many people recover without medical care. and are not tested for salmonella,” it said. “Furthermore, recent diseases may not yet be reported as it is usually 3 to 4 weeks To determine if a sick person is part of the outbreak.”

To trace the source of the outbreak, state and local health officials are interviewing the sick about the foods they ate in the week before infection.

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The CDC noted that several groups of people who eat in the same restaurant and get sick have been identified, which may aid in this effort. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is analyzing records collected from restaurant locations.

As investigations continue, public health officials are using pulsenet system – which manages a national database of DNA fingerprints of bacteria that cause foodborne illness – to identify diseases that may be part of an outbreak.

Additionally, using whole-genome sequencing, the CDC found that bacteria from samples from sick people are genetically closely related, meaning that people affected by the outbreak got sick from the same food.

WGS analysisIn samples from 98 people, the bacteria did not predict resistance to any antibiotic. Standardantibiotic susceptibility testby CDCNational Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance System (NARMS)The laboratory is currently ongoing,” the CDC said.

Symptoms of Salmonella Usually begins six hours to six days after infection and most people recover without treatment after four to seven days – although some, including children under 5 and adults 65 years of age and older And people with weakened immune systems can experience more serious illnesses. These symptoms include diarrhea, fever and abdominal cramps.

Those who believe they have these symptoms should report their illness to the Department of Health and assist public health investigators as well as write down what was eaten in the week before becoming ill.

To prevent salmonella, individuals should wash hands, utensils, surfaces and rinse fruits and vegetables, do not cook food separately from raw meat, poultry and seafood, use a food thermometer and ensure that the food One well cooked. High enough temperature to kill germsExternal icon And refrigerate perishable foods within two hours and thaw the food in the refrigerator.


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