At least 50 million Americans are affected by poison ivy, poison oak and poison sumac each year.
Researchers are reportedly working on a vaccine to counter humans’ reaction to poison ivy.
According to Scientific American, scientists at the University of Mississippi and Hapten Sciences are “moving forward with a compound called PDC-APB” injected once every year or two to block the plant’s effects of the poison.
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“We believe the shot will promote desensitization and reduce or eliminate reactions to poison ivy, oak and sumac,” said Ray Hage, CEO of Hapten Sciences. told the outlet. “Every March I start getting e-mails from people asking, ‘Where’s the medicine? Can I be on trial?’”
The publication said Hage’s team, which licensed the compound, has passed preliminary safety testing in humans and will be evaluated in an in vitro study. clinical trial.
Scientific American also wrote about advances in various studies on rashes caused by urushiol, an oil from the sap of the plant.
Each year 50 million Americans are affected by poison ivy or its cousins poison oak and poison sumac, According to the American Skin AssociationAbout 85% of the population is allergic to plants and about 10% to 15% are highly allergic.
The three plants grow everywhere in the US except in Hawaii, Alaska, and some Nevada deserts.
Plants – with three leaves, appearing as five, seven, nine, or vines or shrubs Urushiol causes allergic contact dermatitis that can be carried on animals, tools, and other objects.
Natural Ways to Treat Poison IVY, Other Rashes
A reaction to urushiol includes redness, swelling, blisters and severe itching and the rash takes about two weeks to heal, the association said, provided there is no bacterial infection.
The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) says that anyone who is out There is a risk of exposure.
the agency said Plant identification is an important step in addition to washing garden tools and gloves, wearing long sleeves and long pants, washing pets and washing the skin in soap and cold water if exposed to a poisonous plant.
Poison rashes are not contagious, but the plant’s oil can remain on almost every surface for years unless it is washed off with water or rubbing alcohol.
While prevention is the best cure, there are Treatment Methods And the CDC recommends soaking in cool water or a lukewarm oatmeal bath, applying over-the-counter topical corticosteroid preparations or taking oral corticosteroids, applying topical over-the-counter skin protectants including calamine lotion, and avoiding scratching.
An antihistamine can help relieve itching, the CDC said, adding that people should seek medical attention if their temperature is over 100 degrees Fahrenheit, there is pus or a soft yellow crust on the rash, the itching gets worse, They have difficulty breathing and the rash spreads to the eyes, mouth, genital area, or more than a quarter of the skin.