Most US adults missed one or more routine vaccines in 2018: CDC

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Vaccines under study include shots for the flu, HPV, hepatitis A and hepatitis B.

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According to a report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the majority of adults in the US were not vaccinated against one or more vaccine-preventable diseases during the 2017-2018 season.

Although COVID-19 vaccination remains a priority, reports indicate that adults often miss routine recommended vaccines that can prevent influenza, pneumonia, tetanus, diphtheria, pertussis and even shingles, depending on the patient’s age. provide protection from.

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The CDC recommends vaccines for adults based on several factors, including their age, medical problems, and previous vaccination history, to prevent certain infectious diseases. For example, people over 50 often meet the criteria for the shingles vaccine, while the pneumonia vaccine is often given to younger patients who may have chronic lung conditions such as asthma. In both these cases, patients may be unaware of their eligibility for these vaccines.

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CDC conducted a cross-sectional national survey of the population from August 2017 to June 2018 for influenza vaccination and from January–December 2018 for pneumococcal, zoster, tetanus, diphtheria, pertussis, hepatitis A, hepatitis B and HPV vaccines.

Findings indicated low uptake among all age groups, with some adults aged 19 years or older receiving all age-appropriate vaccines. Even among adults with high vaccination rates who reported having a common location for health care, the results revealed missed opportunities in health care settings for vaccination regardless of health care coverage.

Of adults who had 10 or more physician contacts in the past year, 20% to about 88% reported that they had not received their recommended shots. Also, according to the report, less than half of the US population was vaccinated against influenza.

Dr. LJ Tan, Chief Policy and Partnership Officer of the Immunization Action Coalition, recently said The American Medical Association said the COVID-19 pandemic has exacerbated the problem.

When kids go to the doctor, vaccinations are a priority in the office visit. However, “adults usually work on acute care [needs],” he said. “When something happens you go in. As a result, vaccines are lost in the shuffle.”

They estimated that 50,000 adults died annually from vaccine-preventable diseases before the COVID-19 pandemic.

CDC recommends that healthcare providers review patients’ vaccination status at each visit, and recommend age-appropriate vaccinations based on current guidelines.

According to the American Medical Association, one way to promote the vaccine is to maximize electronic health care records. The electronic health record can alert any health care professional that a vaccine is due and can then be scheduled before the end of the visit, if the patient is so inclined. Patient portals can also inform patients when vaccinations have taken place, while patients can simultaneously receive education about why a vaccine is important to prevent that particular infectious disease.

“We have to continue to emphasize that the value is not just for the pediatric population,” Tan said. “It’s a lifetime value.”


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