- Limiting social interactions will make it harder for superbugs to evolve
- Antimicrobial resistance described by experts as a ‘silent epidemic’
- British scientists tout ‘long-term social distancing’ as the solution
Scientists have claimed that social distancing measures introduced during the COVID pandemic can help combat antibiotic resistance.
British researchers suggested that the rule of no more than one meter and limiting a person’s social interactions would make it harder for superbugs to develop and spread.
Antimicrobial resistance has been described as a ‘silent epidemic’ that should be taken as seriously as global warming.
Without intervention it is estimated that around 10 million people worldwide will die from infections that do not respond to antibiotics by 2050.
But experts at the University of West London (UWL) and Royal Holloway University of London have touted ‘long-term social distancing’ as the solution.
They acknowledge that this is unlikely to be a feature of future public health policy because of the ‘adverse physical and mental effects’ and the economic damage it causes.
As an alternative, they recommend other good habits encouraged in the pandemic – such as thorough hand washing and other ‘infection control’ measures being maintained.
There are many academics who believe that masks should become a mainstay on public transport like they were in parts of Asia before Covid.
Scientists have claimed that social distancing measures brought in during the COVID pandemic can help combat antibiotic resistance. Graphic Show: How Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria
Experts claim that continuing ‘social distancing’ for a long time could be the solution to the growing problem
They say this remedy can stop bacteria from growing in a way that prevents normal and once effective drugs from working.
Writing in paper, published in scientific journal Environment International, the authors said: ‘May maintain social distance for a long time in the post-Covid era’ [not be] This is the easiest task because of the economic and social compliance challenges as well as its adverse physical and mental effects.
When should you take antibiotics?
Antibiotics may be used to treat bacterial infections that are unlikely to get better on their own, can infect others, or pose a serious risk.
They are most needed when someone has a sexually transmitted infection such as sepsis, pneumonia, urinary tract infection (UTI), gonorrhea or meningococcal meningitis.
Antibiotics are being used frequently to treat diseases such as cough, earache and sore throat which may get better on their own.
Taking antibiotics encourages the harmful bacteria living inside you to become resistant. This means that antibiotics may not work when you really need them.
According to PHE, research in 2017 shows that 38 percent of people with a cough, flu or throat, ear, sinus or chest infection expect a doctor to take antibiotics.
‘However, maintaining good hand hygiene and hygiene/infection control practices will help prevent transmission of infectious diseases caused by antimicrobial resistant bacteria.’
Antibiotic resistance begins when bacteria learn to avoid drugs.
When exposed to drugs excessively, only bacteria that have the mutation allow them to survive.
They pass this trait on to their offspring and, over time, it can eventually lead to a completely resistant strain.
The phenomenon has led to doctors accusing doctors of over-prescribing antibiotics to patients who don’t always need them.
Resistant bacteria that trigger deadly conditions such as sepsis, pneumonia and kidney disease are already on the rise, a report from last year noted.
The bacteria is spread by direct contact or by touching surfaces, so many of the measures brought in to control COVID earlier in the pandemic may have already helped slow its spread.
Professor Hermione Mkrtchyan, a microbiologist at UWL and lead researcher on the paper, said: ‘Infection control is incredibly important, especially during a pandemic, and we need to be able to provide proper hygiene measures to avoid transmission regardless of the virus. Yes or bacteria.
‘We know, as seen with COVID, that the transmission risk is increased when surfaces are not cleaned regularly and touched multiple times a day, especially by people with poor hand hygiene.
‘It is no surprise that within overcrowded public settings, AMR bacteria are being transmitted directly through the air, either through skin rash, by direct contact, or through food.
She said: ‘Long-term social distancing can go a long way in creating lasting change and is incredibly easy to adopt.
‘Additionally, with more robust data we can monitor the need for sustainable targeted hygiene interventions such as the permanent introduction of hand hygiene on transport and in busy areas.
‘We are facing a serious threat to health, and the more we can learn and adapt from the activity we have adopted during the pandemic and with the development of technology, we can save lives more easily sustainable. can bring change.’
What is antibiotic resistance?
Antibiotics have been thrown out unnecessarily for decades by GPs and hospital staff, prompting once harmless bacteria to become superbugs.
The World Health Organization had previously warned that the world was headed for a ‘post-antibiotic’ era if nothing was done.
It claimed that common infections such as chlamydia would become killers without an immediate response to the growing crisis.
When people take the wrong doses of antibiotics, or they are taken out unnecessarily, bacteria can become drug resistant.
Chief Medical Officer Dame Sally Davis claimed in 2016 that the threat of antibiotic resistance was as serious as terrorism.
Statistics estimate that superbugs will kill ten million people each year by 2050, with patients succumbing to the once harmless bug.
About 700,000 people already die each year because of drug resistant…