- Animals made from carefully placed pebbles and sandstone can only be outlined from above
- Measuring 10 by 13 feet, it is estimated to be over 4,000 years old
- The bull’s design is part of a larger burial site found in the Republic of Tuva
- The front of the bull was destroyed during road construction decades ago
- This is the first animal geographer found in this part of Central Asia.
The landform of a bull discovered in Siberia is more than 4,000 years old, making it twice as old as Peru’s famous Nazca lines and a millennium older than the chalk-lined White Horse of Uffington.
Geoglyphs, which often have a spiritual or religious meaning, are large designs carved into the ground that can usually only be seen from the air.
The bull, which measures 10 feet tall and 13 feet tall, is made of carefully arranged pebbles and sandstone.
It was part of a larger Early Bronze Age burial site uncovered near Khonderge, a village in southwest Tuva close to Russia’s border with Mongolia.
According to archaeologists from the Institute of Physical Culture of the Russian Academy of Sciences who participated in the discovery, this is the first animal geoglyph found in this part of Central Asia.
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Archaeologists in Siberia have discovered a bull geoglyph they believe is more than 4,000 years old—a millennium older than the White Horse of Uffington and twice as old as Peru’s famous Nazca lines.
“The bull figure is very typical for the Central Asia cultures of the early Bronze Age,” said Marina Kilunovskaya, head of the Tuva Archaeological Expedition. siberian times. ‘Later in the Scythian era, bulls were replaced by deer.’
Kilunovskaya said petroglyphs, or rock carvings, of bulls have been discovered in Tuva and surrounding areas, but this is the first animal geoglyph.
‘We have not found such stone compositions before.’ He told the Times.
Only the rear half of the bovine remains – its front was destroyed by road construction in the 1940s. The expedition members hope that the rear of the bull will be better preserved.
A graphic shows what the bull would have looked like when it was created. Its front end was inadvertently destroyed during road construction in the 1940s
The bull, which stands 10 feet tall and 13 feet tall, is made of carefully arranged pebbles and sandstone
What is Geography?
Geoglyphs are works of art created by moving objects in the landscape such as stones, trees and gravel.
A positive geoglyph is formed from material placed on the ground while a negative geoglyph is formed by removing material.
Although some geoglyphs clearly represent animals and other natural imagery, many have strange square, circular or hexagonal shapes.
The most famous geoglyphs are the Nazca lines in Peru, rediscovered in 1939. The cultural significance of these features is unclear.
Geoglyphs have been discovered in various corners of the world: in addition to the Nazca Lines in Peru and the White Horse of Uffington in England, the Blythe Intaglios, a group of giant figures carved into the ground in the Colorado Desert near Blyth, California, contain 900 and has been radiocarbon-dated to between 1200 BC.
The Cerne Abbas Giant in Dorset, England, is a 180-foot tall naked male figure with a prominent build and large club.
Two feet deep trenches were dug in the ground and filled with crushed chalk, the outline of the phallic shape was drawn.
The dates for when it was carved are from the Middle Ages to the 17th century, but using optically stimulated luminescence, scientists have put it far back, somewhere between 700 AD 1110.
The oldest known geoglyph is also in Russia, although about 1,100 miles away from the Tuva bull: a giant moose only clearly visible from the sky at Chelyabinsk dates back to about 6,000 years.
Moose, sometimes called elk, was carved on Mount Zuratkul. It spans about 902 feet and depicts an animal with four legs, horns and a long snout.
Discovered only in 2011 using satellite imaging, the moose is also the largest known figurative landform, as opposed to an abstract or geometric design.
Stone tools uncovered by archaeologists at the site show that the glyph was made to fit in the hands of children who participated in the construction.
The Cerne Abbas Giant in Dorset, England, is a 180-foot tall naked male figure with a prominent build and large club
Stanislav Grigoriev, a senior researcher at the Chelyabinsk History and Archaeology Institute, told The Siberian Times, ‘But it was not a type of slave labor of children. ‘They were involved to share common values, to be involved in something important to all people.’
In 2014, dozens of 50 landforms of various shapes and sizes were discovered in northern Kazakhstan, including a giant swastika.
What are the mysterious ‘Nazca Lines’ of Peru?
The geoglyphs are spread over large tracts of land located between the cities of Palpa and Nazca. Some geoglyphs depict animals, objects or compact figures; Others are just simple lines.
The Nazca people lived in the area from 200 to 700 CE. Some of the designs are believed to have been made by the Topra and Paracas people.
Most of the line is formed by a shallow trench between four inches (10 cm) and six inches (15 cm) deep, created by removing the reddish-brown iron oxide-coated pebbles that cover the surface of the Nazca Desert. expose and expose. Light colored earth below.
This sublayer contains high amounts of lime which has hardened to form a protective layer that shields the lines from winds and prevents erosion.
An aerial view of the spiral-tailed monkey figure in Peru’s mysterious Nazca Lines, some 240 miles south of Lima. No one knows why the pre-Inca Nazca culture created figures and lines, some of them miles long
Paul Kosok of Long Island University is credited as the first scholar …