- Dogs appeared in the ancient Arctic about 9,500 years ago, which allowed humans to break out of their isolated world
- A new study analyzed DNA from ancient dog remains and found that ancient Arctic communities began trading with the outside world at least 7,000 years ago
- Previous studies used items such as beads to determine the trade timeline, which is said to have started just 2,000 years ago.
DNA from the remains of Siberian dogs suggests that they were interbreeding with other dogs from Europe and the Near East around 5,000 BC, meaning that Arctic communities were trading with communities 7,000 years ago were much earlier than they were.
Prior to the study, evidence from glass beads and metal objects found in the region suggests that trade between isolated humans and the outside world began just 2,000 years ago.
New research, led by the University of Copenhagen, analyzed DNA from the remains of 49 Siberian dogs and found that some mixed with other dog populations from the Eurasian Steppes, the Near East and Europe.
Siberian dogs were deliberately bred with people from other regions, allowing people to sell the mixed offspring at a higher price.
DNA from the remains of Siberian dogs suggests that they interbreed with other dogs from Europe and the Near East at least 7,000 years ago, meaning that Arctic communities were trading with those countries at the time.
According to the study, “Overall, this suggests that these profound changes in northwestern Siberia were largely linked to the import of material culture (including dogs) from neighboring regions through the establishment of trade networks.”
Dogs appeared in the Arctic about 9,500 years ago, allowing those living in frozen wastelands to venture outside the isolated world.
The experts looked at dog remains from 9,500 to 2,000 years ago in their research.
The oldest remains analyzed in the study were uncovered near a range of non-local materials found in northwestern Siberia, setting the timeline of the first ancient trademark.
The remains, discovered in 2016, were discovered in a dog cemetery at an archaeological site called Ust-Polui located in Salekhard in Russia’s Arctic Circle.
Altogether the remains of 115 dogs were found.
New research, led by the University of Copenhagen, analyzed DNA from the remains of 49 Siberian dogs and found that some mixed with other dog populations from the Eurasian Steppes, the Near East and Europe. Map showing the places where the remains were found
The discovery suggests that humans and dogs had co-existed for thousands of years, but there were remains as well as artifacts that were not native to the area.
A team of scientists led by the University of Alberta in Canada used the goods to determine when the Siberian community began trade with the outside world.
However, Tatiana Feuerborn, an archaeologist at the University of Copenhagen, pointed out science news That he and his team wondered whether this dog lived and others in Siberia might reveal a different timeline of an ancient trade network.
According to research, ancient Arctic dogs probably inhabited a large area of Siberia from the New Siberian Islands to Lake Baikal.
However, their purebred breed was replaced over the past 7,000 years by multiple introductions of dogs from the Eurasian steppe and western Eurasia.
For the study, the team analyzed DNA from the remains of a 2,000-year-old dog, uncovered near a range of non-local materials found in northwestern Siberia. The remains, discovered in 2016, were found in a dog cemetery at an archaeological site called Ust-Polui, a town called Salekhard in Russia’s Arctic Circle – a total of 115 dogs were found.
‘Some of these introductions coincide with periods of major changes within Northwest Siberian societies, including the introduction of metallurgy in the Arctic, the advent of reindeer use for transport (2,000 years ago), and the rise of reindeer pastoralism, 800 years ago,’ the study reads.
‘Overall, this suggests that these profound changes in northwestern Siberia were linked to the importation of material culture (including dogs) from neighboring regions through the establishment of large-scale trade networks.’
The research was published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Science.
Dogs were first domesticated between 20,000 and 40,000 years ago
Genetic analysis of the world’s oldest known dog remains has shown that dogs were domesticated in a single event by humans living in Eurasia about 20,000 to 40,000 years ago.
Dr Krishna Veeramah, assistant professor in evolution at Stony Brook University, told MailOnline: ‘The process of domesticating a dog must have been a very complex process, involving several generations where the signature dog traits evolved gradually.
‘The current hypothesis is that the domestication of dogs originated passively, with wolf populations somewhere in the world feeding on waste created by humans living on the outskirts of hunter-gatherer camps.
‘Wolves that were chiseled and less aggressive would have been more successful in this, and while humans did not initially benefit from the process, over time they may have developed some sort of symbiosis [mutually beneficial] Relationships with these animals, eventually developing into the dogs we see today.’