Depression, anxiety fell as US COVID-19 restrictions ended in 2021: CDC data

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Symptoms still higher than in 2019

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Symptoms of depression and anxiety among US adults fell in the first half of 2021, as Americans received COVID-19 vaccine shots and state lockdowns and other restrictions were lifted.

According to a study by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released Tuesday, the frequency of reported symptoms at state and national levels increased and decreased “weekly of new COVID-19 cases during the same period”. represents the number.

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The agency also found The levels reported in June remained higher than the 2019 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) estimates and that the frequency of symptoms increased after August of 2020, peaking from December of the previous year to January 2021 .

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CDC used survey data Retrieved from the bi-weekly US Census Bureau Household Pulse Survey (HPS), which began in April 2020 and selected from the US Census Bureau’s master address file containing both e-mail and mobile telephone numbers of approximately 117 million US Are included. All 50 states and Washington, DC. housing units in

The analysis looked at data collected from 19 bi-weekly surveys from August 2020 to June 2021, with breaks from December 22, 2020 to January 5, 2021 and March 30 to April 13, 2021.

The researchers analyzed more than 1.5 million responses for all 19 waveforms to get the results.

Nationally, the average frequency of anxiety symptoms increased by 13% from August 2020 to December 2020 and decreased by 26.8% from December 2020 to June 2021.

The severity of depression increased by 14.8% from August 2020 to December 2020 and decreased by almost a quarter from December 2020 to June 2021.

“Across the entire study period, the frequency of anxiety and depression symptoms was positively correlated with the average number of daily COVID-19 cases. Mental health services and resources, including telehealth behavioral services, have been critical during the COVID-19 pandemic. are,” the CDC wrote.

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Mississippi was found to be among the states with the highest increase in anxiety and depression percentages, while Florida and New York had the lowest percentage increases in depression and anxiety percentages, respectively.

There were at least six limitations to the study, the agency noted, including a fifth reduction in the frequency of symptoms seen during June 2021 before the recent surge in delta-type cases.

The researchers said delivery systems for mental health care and resources, such as telehealth behavioral services, are critical during the pandemic – especially among populations that were disproportionately affected by the virus.

The CDC said members of the population in hard-hit areas may be “more vulnerable to the psychological consequences of COVID-19” and that the mental health impact of the pandemic may have community-specific effects when morbidity and mortality are rising. .

“The fluctuating symptoms of anxiety and depression during the pandemic highlight the importance of real-time monitoring of mental health symptoms. Tracking these outcomes, including demographic characteristics, can provide early indicators of a potential increase in demand for mental health services. Health care providers need to treat individuals with clinically significant symptoms,” the study concluded.

previous CDC reports From August 2020 found that 31% of US adults surveyed in June reported symptoms of anxiety or depression – numbers NIMH (National Institute of Mental Health) Director. Joshua Gordon wrote That was almost double the rates expected before the pandemic.

In December, the percentage of US adults who experienced at least one of these disorders increased to 42%: an increase of 11% over the previous year, Nature reported in February.

Another CDC Survey released in July found that more than half of public health workers reported mental health problems during the pandemic.

Gordon said that crisis intervention services such as SAMHSA’s Disaster Disaster Helpline (1-800-985-5990) And this Crisis Text Line (Text Home to 741741) reported a substantial increase in volume at the start of the pandemic and reported that CDC, NIMH and other agencies were working to increase awareness of available mental health resources, including Suicide Prevention Lifeline (1-800-273-TALK).

The National Suicide Prevention Lifeline provides 24/7 free and confidential emotional support to people in suicidal crisis or emotional distress.

If you or someone you know is having suicidal thoughts, please contact the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1-800-273-TALK (8255).


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