The Government of Canada will not offer any public support for any application Taiwan or China to join the Trans-Pacific trade agreement, saying it is up to the 11-member pact to jointly decide on the new entry.
The People’s Republic of China has created a dilemma for Western and Asian countries in the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for the Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP), a trade agreement signed in 2018 originally designed to support Beijing’s influence in the Asia-Pacific. was regarded as retaliation. Area. Originally titled the Trans-Pacific Partnership, then-US President Donald Trump withdrew his country, a key driver of the deal, after taking office in 2017.
By applying for membership in the CPTPP earlier this month, China overtook Taiwan, a self-governing island Beijing claims as part of its territory, which was preparing an application. Taiwan saw joining it as a way to counter China’s diplomatically isolating efforts. Days after China announced its request to join on 16 September, Taiwan formally announced that it also wanted Membership.
China is unlikely to win membership, trade analysts said on Thursday, but its application also ensures that Taiwan will probably not be accepted, as Western and Asian countries prepare to accept Taipei while rejecting Beijing. Won’t happen. “It’s hard for me to see a scenario where Taiwan comes before China,” said Mark Warner, a trade lawyer who previously worked for the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development and the Ontario government.
Japan, which was a strong proponent of a trans-Pacific trade deal led by then-prime minister Shinzo Abe, publicly welcomed Taiwan’s application on Thursday. according to japan Foreign Minister Motegi Toshimitsu, Kyodo News Service, described Taiwan as “Japan’s very important partner”, which shares core values such as the rule of law. He said members of the CPTPP would have to ensure that Taiwan met the standards required for membership, but his reaction was hotter than Japan’s reaction to China’s application.
Earlier this month, after China announced its application, Japanese Economy Minister Yasutoshi Nishimura said it would be necessary to determine whether the Chinese could meet the “extremely high standards” of the trade deal.
Beijing’s cold response to US initiatives could lead to more confrontations
Canada should not be afraid of pressure from China
Ottawa recently held formal public consultations with Canadians on expanding the CPTPP and which economies they can support to join the treaty. one in The report, the Department of Global Affairs said Taiwan is second only to Thailand as the likely candidate cited the most in response from businesses and Canadians.
But on Thursday, the Canadian government refused to support China or Taiwan. It said any accession would be a group decision by the members of the treaty.
“All decisions are made by consensus, and any country joining the CPTPP must meet the CPTPP’s high standard regulations and ambitious market access commitments and They should be followed.” mailed Statement.
Beijing has long sought to isolate Taiwan from the international community, including denying it the opportunity to participate in global bodies such as the World Health Organization’s regular meetings. up Over the past 20 years, China has had considerable success in persuading countries that recognized Taiwan as a sovereign country to cut ties. In 2000, Taiwan had official diplomatic relations with 29 member states of the United Nations, as well as with the Holy See. Today that number has come down to 15.
Analysts say China’s attempt appears to be at least partly an attempt to create a rift between the US and its allies.
Lawrence Harman, an international business expert at Harman & Associates and a senior fellow at the CD Howe Institute, said, “They made this application, I believe, to sow mischief, and that’s to put it mildly. “
Beijing applied to join the trade deal just a day after strongly criticizing AUKUS, a new defense deal signed by the United States, the United Kingdom and Australia that would provide Canberra with nuclear submarine technology and long-range missiles . Chinese power in the Indo-Pacific region. Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian said the coalition risked “seriously damaging regional peace”.
China’s bid to join the CPTPP will also be complicated by the heavy participation of state-owned enterprises in its economy, as well as by rules in the revamped NAFTA, now called the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement, which effectively Gives Washington a veto. Trade deals either Canada or Mexico sign with non-market economies, a category that would include China.
“It would give Americans a chance to say, ‘We really don’t want you to do that,’” Mr Warner said.
Meanwhile, the administration of US President Joe Biden has said that it may take the opportunity to negotiate admission to the CPTPP.
With files from Reuters
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