The president will urge nations to take on more ambitious climate goals. But till late Thursday, it was not clear whether China had agreed to participate in the virtual meeting.
President Biden is set to host a climate change summit Friday morning, with calls from the United States, Europe and several countries taking pledges to reduce the use of methane, a powerful planet-warming greenhouse gas, according to environmental groups. are supposed to.
The White House meeting, called the Forum of Major Economies on Energy and Climate, will begin virtually at 8:30 a.m. It comes less than two months before a crucial United Nations conference in Glasgow, where nearly 200 countries Expect to announce more. Compared to ambitious emissions-cutting targets already set to keep the world from warming.
Mr Biden sent a letter this month to the leaders of some of the top polluting countries to invite them to the stage, stressing that it is up to the world’s biggest economic powers to help prevent global temperatures from rising to devastating levels. to be led. Scientists set that railing at 1.5 °C (2.7 °F) below pre-industrial levels.
Mr Biden said in a letter to the president: “As leaders of the world’s major economies, we must ensure that our efforts during this critical decade are swift and bold, to keep the rise in temperature to 1.5°C.” to be kept.” who was from argentina deployment of On the website of the Government of Argentina.
The United States under Mr. Biden has pledged to cut emissions 50 to 52 percent below 2005 levels by 2030. Yet the legislation to make that promise a reality runs into trouble in Congress. Other major emitters such as China and India are yet to set new targets.
In addition to urging nations to set tough new targets, Mr Biden will also invite countries to join a global pledge to reduce methane by 30 percent by 2030. It is the second most powerful greenhouse gas after methane, which is the main component of natural gas. carbon di oxide.
Environmental advocates said they were optimistic that many countries would agree with that benchmark, calling it a potentially important step in curbing climate change. While methane has a shorter lifetime in the atmosphere than carbon dioxide, it is more than 20 times as powerful as heating the planet, per unit.
“Reducing methane emissions is one of the most important actions countries can take to slow global warming over the next few decades,” said Nathaniel Keohane, president of the Center for Climate and Energy Solutions.
The United States may also face pressure on the forum to boost its funding to help developing countries move to clean energy and deal with the consequences of climate change. In April, the Biden administration pledged $5.7 billion annually by 2024.
Jake Schmidt, a senior strategic director for international climate at the Natural Resources Defense Council, an environmental group, noted that the EU contributes more than $25 billion annually to help the world’s poor countries combat climate change. He called on Mr Biden to allocate at least $12 billion annually until 2024 ahead of the Glasgow summit.
“The US needs to be more courageous on climate finance if we are to have a chance at success,” Mr. Schmidt said.
Under the Obama administration, the Major Economies Forum generally attracted the world’s largest emitters, including the European Union, China, India and Australia, as well as other nations that have been important in global negotiations.
As of late Thursday, the White House declined to say which countries have accepted Mr Biden’s invitation.