Bat bites and rabies: What to know

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Man allegedly refused to start rabies treatment after exposure

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One Illinois One person died this month from bat bites in the state’s first human case of rabies since 1954.

The Illinois Department of Public Health (IDPH) said in a statement that the Lake County man in his 80s had refused to begin rabies treatment after the August incident.

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Illinois man dies of rabies in state’s first human case since 1950s

A month later, the man began to experience symptoms of rabies and later died.

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The bat tested positive for rabies and a bat colony was later found in the man’s home.

The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) says Rabies affects only mammals and is a generally preventable viral disease. transmit mad animal bite Including bats, raccoons, skunks and foxes.

Pets can also get rabies, although almost all pets with rabies did not receive vaccinations or were not vaccinated up to date.

The virus infects the central nervous system, eventually causing disease and death in the brain.

In the US, more than 90% of rabies cases in animals occur in wildlife and only one to three cases in people are reported annually, although about 55,000 Americans Post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) Every year to prevent rabies infection after a bite or scratch by an infected or suspected infected animal.

According to the agency, seven out of 10 Americans who die from rabies in the US are infected with bats – the leading cause of human rabies death in the country.

In Illinois, bats are the most common species to carry rabies and this year at least 30 bats in the state have tested positive for rabies.

The rabies virus is spread by direct contact with the saliva of an infected animal or tissue of the brain or nervous system.

whereas Bite and non-bite risks Theoretically can transmit rabies, no such case has been documented.

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Accidental contact with a person with rabies or contact with non-infectious fluid or tissue does not pose a risk of infection.

In addition, the rabies virus becomes non-contagious when dried or exposed to sunlight.

Symptoms of Rabies May differ in animals, but are often similar to humanss.

After exposure, the virus has to travel to the brain before symptoms can occur, which the CDC calls an “incubation period” that can last from weeks to months, depending on the location of the exposure site, the type of virus, and any existing immunity.

The initial symptoms of rabies resemble those of the flu, including weakness, restlessness, fever or headache.

Itching or pricking at the site of bite or exposure can cause acute symptoms of cerebral dysfunction, anxiety, confusion, agitation, delirium, abnormal behavior, hallucinations, hydrophobia, and insomnia.

The most severe period of the disease usually ends after two to 10 days and the disease is almost always fatal.

Fewer than 20 human survival cases from clinical rabies have been documented to date and only a few survivors had no history of pre- or post-exposure prophylaxis.

Worldwide, rabies causes approx. 59,000 deaths every year.

may have rabies stopped Vaccination of pets, by avoiding and exploring wildlife medical care After potential exposure before symptoms begin.

All bites or scratches should be washed immediately with soap and water and people who bite or scratch are encouraged to speak with a health care provider about whether they require postexposure prophylaxis.

Granthshala News’ Bradford Betz contributed to this report.


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