British government officials shared their concerns with Granthshala that some of the most important countries in the G20 have yet to disclose their updated nationally determined contributions (NDCs) on emissions reductions until the summit begins. Doesn’t happen
There is also concern about the symbolic absence of several prominent leaders. Chinese President Xi Jinping, the leader of the world’s largest emitter, is unlikely to attend, as he has not left the country since the start of the Covid-19 pandemic.
Officials had hoped that the UK’s successful vaccine rollout and broader global response to the pandemic would mean the summit would proceed as close to normal as possible. However, in recent weeks, the UK infection rate has soared and last week the country saw its deadliest day since March. It has become impossible to ignore the consequences of lifting almost all Covid restrictions and normalizing life before the summer.
Ministers are now facing calls for further restrictions, and Health Secretary Sajid Javid has floated the possibility of introducing vaccine passports and other measures for those most vulnerable to the virus.
Questions are now being raised about how all this could affect COP26, which is expected to be attended by 25,000 people, as well as possible rail and bus attacks.
The pandemic is part of the reason some world leaders say they will not be involved. Russian President Vladimir Putin and Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro have confirmed they are not coming, while those yet to be confirmed are Mexico’s Andres Manuel López Obrador, South Africa’s Cyril Ramaphosa and Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida – all G 20 leaders who are important in the climate discourse because of their countries’ emissions, fossil fuel production, or both.
UK government officials have downplayed the importance of any specific no-show, saying that what really matters is the commitment on emissions and spending that accompanies any national delegation. However, they are aware of the fact that Glasgow needs real-world commitments to match Paris’s rhetoric, and anything like a lack of seriousness from some of the most powerful or big-emitting countries sets the tone for the failed summit. does.
Mark Linas, the book’s author, says, “If a world leader chooses not to attend for whatever reason, it sends a very clear signal that the climate is not at the top of their priority list and the pace to the summit has to be slowed down.” reduces.” “Our Final Warning: Six Degrees Climate Emergency.”
“It may not be entirely coincidental that many of the people personally reluctant to participate in the COP lead countries that are high emitters or producers of fossil fuels,” Linas says.
Underlining the importance of COP26, Linas says that the Glasgow gathering “will not be just a shindig where people can pose for photos,” but will “fulfill the commitments made in Paris to limit warming to 1.5″. Our last real chance to determine the measures to be taken”. C and halve emissions by 2030.
Linas argues that since the scientific consensus on climate change is now far broader than it was in 2015, the only reason for anyone reluctant to make the necessary commitments is “short-term financial considerations”.
Linas isn’t alone in his belief in how serious this moment is.
“This COP needs to be very honest about how little time we really have,” says Mary Robinson, the former United Nations High Representative on Human Rights and campaigner for climate justice.
“This is not just a step along the way, but the moment we need to come good on Paris and commit to even more ambitious goals. We need to see India, Saudi Arabia, China, South Africa, Brazil to switch to clean energy. Strong commitments are needed from the U.S. and helping poor countries make the switch. There’s no room for grudges.”
In this final stage before COP26, it is not just Covid that is putting the peak at risk.
That’s why COP26 is so important. As UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres puts it, unless something happens in this “critical year for climate action”, it will be “impossible to limit the heat to 1.5 °C, with catastrophic consequences for people and the planet that lives.” on which we depend.”
Much attention has been paid to the extent to which the summit in Glasgow will be a success for Boris Johnson, the host of this important meeting. However, British government officials told Granthshala, not unreasonably, that Glasgow is about to prove whether the promises made in Paris are possible. Ambition is one thing; Real-world action – like chopping coal, scraping cars, planting trees and putting money on the table – is what matters now. If Glasgow failed, Paris also failed.
For all the optimism surrounding COP26 earlier this year, the mood music isn’t great as the event draws to a close. Multiple sources have told Granthshala that fossil fuel-producing countries are fighting against any firm language committed to the 1.5C target, and China has publicly criticized the US and UK for moving the goalpost from the original top end of the 2C to Paris. accused of.
This is hardly a sign of global unity on climate.
COP26 comes when the world reaches the point of no return. If the commitments in the Paris Agreement are not met, then, the vast majority of science suggests, it will be too late to stop the long-term effects of global warming.
What is worrying for Johnson is that as he prepares to host a summit of this enormous importance, the solution to the greatest threat facing humanity is well known and fully achievable. It just depends on their fellow global leaders caring enough. And somehow, in 2021, it is not something that can be relied upon.
Credit : rss.cnn.com